The Gupta Empire was an Ancient Indian empire covered most part of the Indian Subcontinent. This empire was founded by Maharaja Sri-Gupta and was the model of a classical civilization. The peace and prosperity created under leadership of Guptas enabled the pursuit of scientific and artistic endeavors.
This period was hence, also called as the Golden Age of India in the history of ancient India and was marked by extensive inventions and discoveries in science, technology , art, dialectic, literature, logic, mathematic, astronomy, religion and philosophy which helped in crystallizing the elements of what is popularly known as the Hindu culture.
Chandragupta I, Samudragupta and Chandragupta II were the most notable rulers of the Gupta dynasty.
308AD – The Gupta kin obtained control over Magadha which was a small kingdom located in the Ganges Valley.
308 – 330AD – Chandragupta I became the first ruler of the Gupta Dynasty and expanded the boundaries of their territory through rapid annexations and also through his matrimonial alliance.
330AD – Chandragupta I appointed his son, Samudra Gupta as the successor to the throne of the Gupta dynasty.
335-380AD – Samudra Gupta, the newly appointed ruler of the Gupta dynasty, further expanded the empire to northern India, the east coast of India as well as the entire Ganges River Valley.
380-413AD – Chandragupta II or Chandragupta Vikramaditya succeeds Samudra Gupta to the throne of the Gupta dynasty. During this period, Chandragupta II conquered as many as 21 kingdoms beginning with eastern and western India, subsequently moving northwards with the aim of conquering the Persians, Hunas, Kinnaras as well as the Kiratas.
416 AD – Chandragupta proceeded for a campaign in the Himalayas and the Tibet.
418 AD- By this time, the Himalayas came under the control of the Gupta Empire, and so did the Yaudhaya, Arjunaya, and Western Satraps.
420 AD- by this time, the Gupta Empire had conquered the Vakatakas, Daksina, Nala, Kottura, Rashtrakutas, Kadambas, Gangas, and Pallavas.
425 AD- The entire Indian subcontinent including the present day Sri Lanka came under the Gupta control.
426 AD- Southern Tibet also came under Gupta control
430 AD- 430 AD marked the death of Chandragupta II dies with Kumaragupta I succeeding him to the throne.
431 AD – Kumaragupta I announced that he would continue his late father's campaign, and sets up a network of spies, diplomats, and informers.
449 AD- The informers made the Gupta Empire aware that the Hunas were planning an attack, and this resulted in setting up a complex towards their north-western border, a tradition which continued for many attacks of the Hunas, and other invaders from that area.
452 AD- Kumaragupta defeated the Hunas, however, they fled before they could be captured.
453 AD- Kumaragupta died leaving behind Skandagupta to succeed him to the throne.
455-467 AD – During this time, Skandagupta led and defeated Pushyamitras' threat but subsequently faced another threat from the Hunas. The Hunas invaded from the northwest and the expenses of the war exhausted the resources of the Gupta Empire.
467-500 AD- During this period, the Gupta Empire was being ruled by weak leaders including Purugupta, Kumaragupta II, Budhagupta, Narasimhagupta, Kumaragupta III, Vishnugupta, Vainyapgupta, Bhanugupta.
By 500 AD- Most of the northwest of the empire was being conquered by the Hunas.
By 515 AD- By this time, the Huns reached the Ganges Valley and central India by destroying everything in their path thereby clearing out their way so as to establish their empire.
540-550AD – The invasion of the Huns eventually resulted in the decline of the Gupta Empire.