The literature of the Gupta empire period was a significant source of understanding the poetry and literature of the dynasties that ruled here after the Gupta reign. The literature during the Gupta dynasty rule was at its pinnacle.
The primary themes of literature during this period were poetry and romantic comedies. This meant that the literature work of the Gupta period related to human behavior more than the religious ideas.
During the Gupta Empire rule, Sanskrit literature was very well received. The Sanskrit literature was sponsored by many Gupta empire rulers. During his reign, Chandragupta II had Navaratna, or set of nine poets in his court. The supreme poet among these nine was Kalidasa.
The Prakrit literature was also very popular during the Gupta rule. It was considered to be close to the Jain texts. One of the best illustrations of Prakrit literature was the Paumacariyam. It was in the Gupta empire period that the Vedic Puranas achieved their final form.
The puranas were the compilation of mythological stories, philosophies and description of rituals in books. The Markandeya purana was popular during the Gupta era as it was believed that goddess Durga was worshiped during this period.